Author: Eunice Bonow Bardell
Publisher: Wisconsin Pharmaceutical Association
Year Published: 1983
Price: $15.00 ($9.00 for members)
Grassroots cooperation among pharmacists has found its most effective expression through state pharmaceutical associations. Most such associations were formed during the last quarter of the nineteenth century. Usually they consisted of an ambitious minority of the “retail druggists” in a state. A pharmacist sensed that his practical interests were not likely to be served most effectively by the kind of urban local associations that had resulted from the earliest attempts by American pharmacists to organize, beginning in the 1820s. It also seemed unlikely that the American Pharmaceutical Association alone, which had been founded in 1852, could deal adequately with such diverse conditions of practice as prevailed among the individual states of the United States of America. The APhA itself recognized the need to organize at the state level and encouraged the founding of state associations wherever and whenever it could.
This movement got well under way during the 1870s, but it was during the 1880s that more than half of the state pharmaceutical associations were founded. As in so many other social and political developments, Wisconsin neither marched in the avant garde nor waited to be last. Wisconsin pharmacists organized in 1880, as did pharmacists in the nearby states of Illinois, Iowa, and Kansas, Now more than a century has passed, which permits some perspective on what the Wisconsin Pharmaceutical Association has done and has contributed to the life of the state and its pharmacists.
To capture that perspective, the Association was fortunate to find an author as knowledgeable in both pharmacy and history as Eunice Bonow Bardell. The book before us, a systematic and well documented account, tells a great deal that we did not know before about Wisconsin pharmacy through the decades. It will be read with profit and will serve as a durable record of the first century of organized endeavor among Wisconsin’s. pharmacists.
Professor Bardell has to her credit a long series of contributions to the history of pharmacy in this state and country, but none as monumental as her present work, a proverbial labor of love—inspired by her two remarkable mentors, Edward Kremers and George Urdang. The Wisconsin Pharmaceutical Association itself is to be complimented on its part in bringing her work into print. The Wisconsin Showglobe gracefully reflects the image of what organized pharmacists in the state have been and have become. Moreover, it adds to the mosaic of historical evidence from the states that will permit us to speak more confidently about historical trends in American pharmacy at large. University of Wisconsin
-Glenn Sonnedecker, Edward Kremers Professor, University of Wisconsin
Table of Contents:
Chapter I: Shaping the Association (1875-1900)
2: Milwaukee Pharmacy Act
6: The American Pharmaceutical Association
8: Rock County Pharmaceutical Association
9: WPhA Organizational Meeting
12: First Annual Meeting
14: The Pharmacy Law
15: School of Pharmacy
23: Graduate Study
24: Alternative Pharmacy Training
26: Price Maintenance – Local Associations
27: The National Retail Druggists Association
28: Price Maintenance Plans
29: National Association of Retail Druggists
30: Wisconsin Pharmacal Company
34: Fire Insurance
35: Ladies Auxiliary
39: War Revenue Act
41: Secretary Heimstreet Retires
Chapter II: The Progressive Era (1900-1917)
49: The Itinerant Medicine Vender
53: USP and NF Propaganda Work
56: Price Maintenance Movement
60: Drugstore Management
62: Drug Adulteration
71: School ofPharmacy
76: Pharmaceutical Experiment Station
77: Control of Narcotic Drugs
79: Fire Insurance
82: Druggists’ National Home
84: Historical Drugstore
Chapter III: World War I and a Foretaste of Abundance (1917-1932)
89: World War I
92: Pharmaceutical Experiment Station
93: Pharmacy School
95: Education Requirements for Licensure
99: Queries, Papers, and Preparations
101: Publications of the Association
103: Public Relations
113: Drugstore Ownership
116: The Itinerant Medicine Vender
117: Price Maintenance Movement- Fair Trade
120: American Pharmaceutical Association
128: Golden jubilee Convention
Chapter IV: The New Era (1932-1941)
135: District Meetings
136: Drug Institute of America
137: Fair Trade
139: The Drug Show
141: Professional Programs
143: Continuing Education
144: USP and NF Preparations
146: School of Pharmacy
146: American Institute of the History of Pharmacy
147: Dr. Edward Kremers
Chapter V: World War II and the Expansion of the Health Sciences (1941-1958)
152: World War II
161: World War II Memorial
162: Veterans Administration Hometown Pharmacy Services
163: G. I. Bill
164: School of Pharmacy Building
165: School of Pharmacy
168: Continuing Education
168: Scholarship Awards
169: Student Recruitment
170: Student Pharmaceutical Society
173: Internship Program
174: Pharmacy Laws
176: Better Pharmacy Program
179: Dental Pharmacy
182: Hospital Pharmacy
184: Public Relations
188: Revision of Constitution and Bylaws
189: Association’s Services
191: Executive Secretary
193: WPhA Building
Chapter VI: Facing New Challenges (1958-1980)
197: WPhA Building
200: American Pharmaceutical Association Affiliation
202: Project PRN
203: Pharmacist Title
203: Code of Ethics
204: School of Pharmacy
209: Continuing Education
212: Internship Program
215: The Hart Bill
219: Legislative Conference
219: Poison Control and Drug Respect
225: Pharmacy Commemorative Postage Stamp
227: Auxiliary Awards
228: Hubert Humphrey
229: Kerr-Mills Act
231: Medicare and Medicaid
237: Third Party Prescription Programs
237: Centennial Observance
241: Appendix 1 – Roster of Officers and Annual Conventions of the Wisconsin Pharmaceutical Association, 1880-1980
245: Appendix 2 – Roster of Members of the Wisconsin Pharmaceutical Association on December 31, 1980, as published in the Wisconsin Pharmacist 50(1981): 29-41
265: Appendix 3 – Bibliography of Historical Articles published in the Wisconsin Druggist and the Wisconsin Pharmacist
The American Institute of the History of Pharmacy is documenting and preserving pharmacy stories and experiences during the COVID-19 global pandemic for the benefit of future historians and scholars. We seek to record the effects of this public health emergency on all types of pharmacy experiences. We invite you to share your pharmacy stories, photos, videos, artifacts, and other documentation of the COVID-19 coronavirus pandemic.
You can participate in the AIHP COVID-19 Pandemic Pharmacy Historical Documentation Project either (1) by immediately sharing your thoughts/experiences and/or submitting digital materials or (2) by signifying your to intention to submit materials in the future. Please comply with all applicable local or state stay-at-home orders while self-documenting.
Please click the link below to learn more about participating in the AIHP COVID-19 Pandemic Pharmacy Historical Documentation Project.Read More
Access the Pharmacy in History JSTOR Archive
All past issues of Pharmacy in History have been digitized and are text-searchable at JSTOR.
Note: Academic libraries seeking subscriptions to History of Pharmacy and Pharmaceuticals should directly contact the University of Wisconsin Press.Read More
Upcoming events of interest to historians of pharmacy, pharmaceuticals, medicines, science, and related fields. (Event information current when posted. In light of the COVID-19 pandemic, please double-check the status of all events):
March 31-April 2, 2023: Annual Conference of the British Society for the History of Pharmacy, Oxford, UK.
May 10-12, 2023: 119th Annual Meeting of the National Association of Boards of Pharmacy, Nashville, TN.
May 11-14, 2023: 96th Annual Meeting of the American Association for the History of Medicine, Ann Arbor, Michigan.
July 22-26, 2023: Annual Meeting of the American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy, Aurora, CO.
August 30-September 2, 2023: Biennial Meeting of the European Association for the History of Medicine and Health, Oslo, Norway.
November 11-14, 2023: Annual Meeting of the American College of Clinical Pharmacy, Dallas, TX.
December 3-7, 2023: Midyear Clinical Meeting of the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists, Anaheim, CA.
January 4-7, 2024: Annual Meeting of the American Historical Association, San Francisco, CA.
September 4-7, 2024: 46th International Congress for the History of Pharmacy, Belgrade Serbia.