Foundations of Ethical Pharmacy

Foundations of Ethical Pharmacy

Author: Robert A. Buerki and Louis D. Vottero
Publisher: American Institute of the History of Pharmacy
Year Published: 2008
Pages: 55
ISBN: 978-0-931292-42-2
Price: $20.00 ($12.00 for members)

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Read an excerpt from Foundations of Ethical Pharmacy Practice.

Table of Contents:

Introduction. vii

1: Chapter 1: The Pharmacy Profession

1: Pharmacy as a Profession

1: Pharmacy as a Moral Community

2: The Ethic of American Pharmacy

2: The 1852 Code of Ethics

3: The 1922 Code of Ethics

4: The 1952 Code of Ethics

6: The 1969 Code of Ethics

7: The 1994 Code of Ethics for Pharmacists.

7: Concluding Remarks

9: Chapter 2 Foundations of Ethical Decision Making

10: Traditional Ethical Theories Applied to Pharmacy Practice

11: Character and Virtue in Professional Pharmacy Practice

11: The Role of Virtue in Pharmacy Practice

11: Altruism

11: Equality

12: Justice

12: Commonly Held Virtues Among Pharmacists

12: Fair dealing and equity

13: Patient-centered services

13: Faithfulness

13: Ethical Principles Applied to Pharmacy Practice

14: Rights and Duties in the Practice of Pharmacy

15: Concluding Remarks

17: Chapter 3 The Code of Ethics for Pharmacists

17: Types of Professional Codes

18: The Code of Ethics for Pharmacists

18: Preamble

18: Principle I

19: Principle II

19: Principle III

20: Principle IV

20: Principle V

20: Principle VI

21: Principle VII

21: Principle VIII

22: Concluding Remarks

23: Chapter 4: Ethical Analysis in Pharmacy Practice

23: Step One: Problem Identification

23: Identify technical facts

23: Identify moral parameters

24: Identify legal constraints

24: Identify relevant human values

24: Step Two: Develop Alternative Courses of Action

25: Identify relevant ethical principles for each alternative

25: Recognize ethical assumptions for each alternative

25: Determine additional emerging ethical problems

25: Step Three: Select One Alternative Course of Action

25: Justify the selection of your alternative

26: Defend your selection upon ethical grounds

26: Step Four: Consider Objections to Alternative Selected

26: Objections arising from factual errors

26: Objections arising from faulty reasoning

27: Objections arising from conflicting values

27: Concluding Remarks

29: Chapter 5: Professional Pharmacy Practice Concerns

29: The Pharmacist-Patient Relationship

31: Moral Principles in the Pharmacist-Patient Relationship

31: Beneficence vs. nonmaleficence

31: Justice

31: Autonomy

32: Fidelity

32: Veracity

32: Professional Communications

34: Prescription and Nonprescription Drug Distribution

34: Freedom of choice of drugs and services

36: Multisourced pharmaceuticals

36: Concluding Remarks

37: Chapter 6: Ethical Issues of Current Pharmacy Practice

37: Refusal to Provide Services

39: Limits to Autonomy

41: Alternative Medicines

42: Truth Disclosure

43: Concluding Remarks

45: Glossary

Table of Situations and Cases

10: Situation 2.01: Invoking the Conscience Clause

12: Case 2.01: Acting as the Patient’s Advocate

14: Situation 2.02: Injecting Personal Values into Patient Counseling

15: Situation 2.03: Rights vs. Duties in Pharmacy Practice

21: Situation 3.01: Assuring Justice in Formulary Management

22: Situation 3.02: Dealing with Irrational Prescribing

22: Situation 3.03: Dealing with Discourteous Colleagues

24: Case 4.01: Assuring Informed Consent

32: Case 5.01: Providing Comprehensive Drug Information

34: Case 5.02: Directing Prescription Orders

35: Case 5.03: Choosing Among Multisourced Drugs

34: Case 5.04: Direct-to-Consumer Advertising

39: Case 6.01: Managing Cases of Terminal Sedation

40: Case 6.02: Assuring Informed Consent

41: Case 6.03: Balancing Alternative and Rational Medicinal Practices

42: Case 6.04: Managing Formulary and Nonformulary Conflicts

42: Case 6.05: Dealing with Questionable Drug Products

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