Author: Robert A. Buerki and Louis D. Vottero
Publisher: American Institute of the History of Pharmacy
Year Published: 1997
Price: $12.00 ($7.20 for members)
Compounding and dispensing medication to the public in a safe and reliable manner is the longstanding hallmark of professional pharmacy practice. For centuries, throughout all cultures, pharmacists and pharmacists’ assistants have cooperated in providing pharmaceutical services to members of their communities with technical competency while being responsible and accountable to legal and ethical standards…
This guidebook was developed to address the expectations for ethical behavior raised by the “Code of Ethics for Pharmacy Technicians” approved by the Board of Directors of the American Association of Pharmacy Technicians (AAPT) in January 1996, and the “Model Curriculum for Pharmacy Technician Training” developed buy the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists (ASHP). The stated goal of this curriculum is to “demonstrate ethical conduct in all activities related to the delivery of pharmacy services,” and it is this basic framework that we use for developing knowledge and comprehension skills in terminology, ethical systems, ethical dilemmas and questions, and situational analysis. These skills are essential if pharmacy technicians are expected to be able to explain the “ethic” of practicing pharmacists as well as to recognize and explain situations that may present ethical questions for both pharmacists and pharmacy technicians.
Table of Contents:
1: Chapter 1- Doing the Right Thing in Pharmacy Practice
3: Pharmacy as a Moral Community
4: Ethical Decision-Making by the Pharmacist
4: Ethical Theories
5: Social Contracts
6: The Ethics of Care
7: Rights-Based Ethics
8: Principle-Based Ethics
9: Virtue-Based Ethics
9: Codes of Ethics
12: Ethical Decision-Making by the Pharmacy Technician
14: Concluding Remarks
15: Chapter 2 – Respecting Interpersonal Relationships in Pharmacy Practice
15: The Pharmacist-Patient Relationship
16: The Pharmacist-Physician Relationship
17: The Pharmacist-Pharmacist Relationship
18: Relationships with Medical Service Representatives
19: Relationships with Medical Office Personnel
19: Concluding Remarks
21: Chapter 3 – Standard of Professional Communication
21: The Duty of Pharmacists to Maintain Confidentiality
22: Assuring Informed Consent
23: Monitoring Drug Therapy
23: Monitoring Untoward Reactions
24: Handling Self-Medication Inquiries
25: Clarifying Physician Orders
26: Advertising Professional Services
27: Dealing with Mistakes
28: Concluding Remarks
29: Chapter 4 – Drug Distribution: Being Legal, Being Ethical
31: Freedom of Choice of Drugs and Services
32: Advertising Prescription Prices
32: Brand-Name vs. Generic Products
33: Direct-to-Consumer Advertising
34: Off-Label Use of Drugs
34: Concluding Remarks
37: Chapter 5 – Codes of Ethics for Pharmacists and Pharmacy Technicians
38: Pharmacy as a Moral Community
38: The Patient-Pharmacist Relationship
39: Relationships with Patients
40: Honesty and Integrity
41: Pharmaceutical Services
42: Relations with Pharmacists and Other Health Professionals
42: Maintaining Competency
43: Patient Autonomy
44: Professional Commitment
44: Concluding Remarks
61: The Code of Ethics for Pharmacists (1994)
63: The Code of Ethics for Pharmacy Technicians (1996)
69: Annotated Bibliography
The American Institute of the History of Pharmacy is documenting and preserving pharmacy stories and experiences during the COVID-19 global pandemic for the benefit of future historians and scholars. We seek to record the effects of this public health emergency on all types of pharmacy experiences. We invite you to share your pharmacy stories, photos, videos, artifacts, and other documentation of the COVID-19 coronavirus pandemic.
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Upcoming events of interest to historians of pharmacy, pharmaceuticals, medicines, science, and related fields. (Event information current when posted. In light of the COVID-19 pandemic, please double-check the status of all events):
March 31-April 2, 2023: Annual Conference of the British Society for the History of Pharmacy, Oxford, UK.
May 10-12, 2023: 119th Annual Meeting of the National Association of Boards of Pharmacy, Nashville, TN.
May 11-14, 2023: 96th Annual Meeting of the American Association for the History of Medicine, Ann Arbor, Michigan.
July 22-26, 2023: Annual Meeting of the American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy, Aurora, CO.
August 30-September 2, 2023: Biennial Meeting of the European Association for the History of Medicine and Health, Oslo, Norway.
November 11-14, 2023: Annual Meeting of the American College of Clinical Pharmacy, Dallas, TX.
December 3-7, 2023: Midyear Clinical Meeting of the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists, Anaheim, CA.
January 4-7, 2024: Annual Meeting of the American Historical Association, San Francisco, CA.
September 4-7, 2024: 46th International Congress for the History of Pharmacy, Belgrade Serbia.