Ethical Practices in Pharmacy: A Guidebook for Pharmacy Technicians

Ethical Practices in Pharmacy: A Guidebook for Pharmacy Technicians

Author: Robert A. Buerki and Louis D. Vottero
Publisher: American Institute of the History of Pharmacy
Year Published: 1997
Pages: 55
ISBN: 0-931292-28-X
AIHP#: BKS20
Price: $12.00 ($7.20 for members), Advertising Prescription Prices

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Introduction: Compounding and dispensing medication to the public in a safe and reliable manner is the longstanding hallmark of professional pharmacy practice. For centuries, throughout all cultures, pharmacists and pharmacists’ assistants have cooperated in providing pharmaceutical services to members of their communities with technical competency while being responsible and accountable to legal and ethical standards…

This guidebook was developed to address the expectations for ethical behavior raised by the “Code of Ethics for Pharmacy Technicians” approved by the Board of Directors of the American Association of Pharmacy Technicians (AAPT) in January 1996, and the “Model Curriculum for Pharmacy Technician Training” developed buy the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists (ASHP). The stated goal of this curriculum is to “demonstrate ethical conduct in all activities related to the delivery of pharmacy services,” and it is this basic framework that we use for developing knowledge and comprehension skills in terminology, ethical systems, ethical dilemmas and questions, and situational analysis. These skills are essential if pharmacy technicians are expected to be able to explain the “ethic” of practicing pharmacists as well as to recognize and explain situations that may present ethical questions for both pharmacists and pharmacy technicians.

Table of Contents:

1: Chapter 1- Doing the Right Thing in Pharmacy Practice

3: Pharmacy as a Moral Community

4: Ethical Decision-Making by the Pharmacist

4: Ethical Theories

5: Social Contracts

6: The Ethics of Care

7: Rights-Based Ethics

8: Principle-Based Ethics

9: Virtue-Based Ethics

9: Codes of Ethics

11: Law

12: Ethical Decision-Making by the Pharmacy Technician

14: Concluding Remarks

15: Chapter 2 – Respecting Interpersonal Relationships in Pharmacy Practice

15: The Pharmacist-Patient Relationship

16: The Pharmacist-Physician Relationship

17: The Pharmacist-Pharmacist Relationship

18: Relationships with Medical Service Representatives

19: Relationships with Medical Office Personnel

19: Concluding Remarks

21: Chapter 3 – Standard of Professional Communication

21: The Duty of Pharmacists to Maintain Confidentiality

22: Assuring Informed Consent

23: Monitoring Drug Therapy

23: Monitoring Untoward Reactions

24: Handling Self-Medication Inquiries

25: Clarifying Physician Orders

26: Advertising Professional Services

27: Dealing with Mistakes

28: Concluding Remarks

29: Chapter 4 – Drug Distribution: Being Legal, Being Ethical

31: Freedom of Choice of Drugs and Services

32: Advertising Prescription Prices

32: Brand-Name vs. Generic Products

33: Direct-to-Consumer Advertising

34: Off-Label Use of Drugs

34: Concluding Remarks

37: Chapter 5 – Codes of Ethics for Pharmacists and Pharmacy Technicians

38: Pharmacy as a Moral Community

38: The Patient-Pharmacist Relationship

39: Relationships with Patients

40: Honesty and Integrity

41: Pharmaceutical Services

42: Relations with Pharmacists and Other Health Professionals

42: Maintaining Competency

43: Patient Autonomy

44: Professional Commitment

44: Concluding Remarks

Appendices

61: The Code of Ethics for Pharmacists (1994)

63: The Code of Ethics for Pharmacy Technicians (1996)

65: Glossary

69: Annotated Bibliography

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