2020 (For articles published in 2019):
Michael A. Flannery, “Government as Apothecary: Civil War Pharmacy and the Common Good,” Pharmacy in History 2019, doi: 10.26506/pharmhist.61.1-2.0003.
This article by Professor Michael A. Flannery examines how the operation during the Civil War of two US government laboratories (the Army laboratory in Philadelphia and the Naval laboratory in Brooklyn) influenced large-scale pharmaceutical manufacturing in subsequent decades.
Professor Flannery is Professor Emeritus of UAB Libraries, University of Alabama at Birmingham. He is a longtime AIHP member and has been a member of the International Academy of the History of Pharmacy since 1996. He also served as book review editor for Pharmacy in History for many years. He is also the author of several books on the history of American pharmacy, including John Uri Lloyd: The Great American Eclectic (Southern Illinois University Press, 1998), Civil War Pharmacy: A History of Drugs, Drug Supply and Provision, and Therapeutics for the Union and Confederacy (CRC Press, 2004), and Civil War Pharmacy: A History, (Southern Illinois University Press; 2d ed. 2017).
2018 (For articles published in 2017):
Gregory Bond, “‘Yet in All This Library There is Scarcely a Reference to the Negro in Pharmacy’: The University of Wisconsin’s Leo Butts, Pioneering Historian of African-American Pharmacists,” Pharmacy in History 2017, doi: 10.26506/pharmhist.59.1-2.0034.
The article by Dr. Gregory Bond explores the life and research of Leo Vinton Butts, the first known African-American graduate of the University of Wisconsin School of Pharmacy. Butts’ senior thesis, “The Negro in Pharmacy” was one of the earliest scholarly attempts to document the history and the contemporary status of African-Americans in pharmacy.
Bond is the Assistant Director of the American Institute of the History of Pharmacy. He continues to research this history of African-American pharmacy practice and African-American pharmacy education.
2016 (For articles published in 2015):
Laura Phillips Sawyer, “California Fair Trade: Antitrust and the Politics of Fairness,” Business History Review 2015, doi: 10.1017/S0007680515001063.
The article by Prof. Laura Phillips Sawyer focuses on the efforts of California pharmacist Edna Gleason to combat unfair competition in the sale of medicines by organizing her fellow retail pharmacists during the 1930s. The article demonstrates how community pharmacy is fertile ground for case studies in American economic history.
Sawyer is an assistant professor in the Business, Government, and International Economy Unit at Harvard Business School. She received her Ph.D. in History from the University of Virginia and subsequently held a postdoctoral fellowship at Brown University’s Political Theory Project. She also received the Harvard-Newcomen Fellowship in Business History at HBS before joining the faculty. Her work has appeared in the Journal for the Gilded Age and Progressive Era and Business History Review. Sawyer’s book, American Fair Trade: Proprietary Capitalism, Associations, and the New Competition, 1890-1940, is under contract with Cambridge University Press.
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