AIHP has awarded the 2019 Edward Kremers Award to Alain Touwaide, PhD. A noted historian of medicine and science, Touwaide is the co-founder and current scientific director of the Institute for the Preservation of Medical Traditions. He teaches at the University of California, Los Angeles.
AIHP’s Edward Kremers Award honors the memory of Edward Kremers (1865-1941), a pioneer of American pharmaceutical education, distinguished American historian of pharmacy, and one of the founders of the Institute. The Award is given for a specific original publication, or a series of related publications, written by a citizen of the United States, pertaining to historical or historico-social aspects of pharmacy, and exhibiting the highest standards of research, interpretation, and presentation. Nominations are reviewed by AIHP’s Awards Committee.
Touwaide was nominated for the Kremers Award on the basis of his large body of published work on materia medica and pharmaceutical practice in Antiquity, Byzantium, the Arabic world, the Middle Ages, and the Renaissance. The nomination cited several of his publications, but special emphasis was put upon the commentary volume he authored for Tractuatus de Herbis, codex Sloane MS 4016 (Moleiro, 2013).
The manuscript Sloane 4016 is a large album of botany created in Italy some time around 1440. Although it is traditionally identified as a copy of the well-known Tractatus de herbis (Treatise on medicinal plants), it does not contain the text of this treatise, but only its illustrations with the names of the plants in the different languages used in the 15th Century.
The major question posed by this manuscript is why it abandoned the text of the Tractatus. Touwaide’s commentary offers the thesis that the botanical album served as an international work that could be used by readers of many languages (whereas the text of the original Tractatus could be used only by those who understood Latin). Touwaide’s commentary thus demonstrates the globalization of materia medica and pharmacy in the interconnected world of the late Middle Ages.
AIHP’s Awards Committee concluded that Touwaide’s publications exhibit the quality and scholarship the Edwards Kremers Award is intended to promote and recognize.
The Edward Kremers Award will be presented to Touwaide on September 6, 2019, at the 44th International Congress for the History of Pharmacy, in Washington, DC.
AIHP thanks the following members of its Awards Committee for their work in connection with the 2019 Kremers Award: Arthur Daemmrich (Chair), Patricia Kienle, Henri Manasse, Lucas Richert and John Swann.
The American Institute of the History of Pharmacy is documenting and preserving pharmacy stories and experiences during the COVID-19 global pandemic for the benefit of future historians and scholars. We seek to record the effects of this public health emergency on all types of pharmacy experiences. We invite you to share your pharmacy stories, photos, videos, artifacts, and other documentation of the COVID-19 coronavirus pandemic.
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Access the Pharmacy in History JSTOR Archive
All past issues of Pharmacy in History have been digitized and are text-searchable at JSTOR.
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Upcoming events of interest to historians of pharmacy, pharmaceuticals, medicines, science, and related fields. (Event information current when posted. In light of the COVID-19 pandemic, please double-check the status of all events):
July 22-26, 2023: Annual Meeting of the American Association of Colleges of Pharmacy, Aurora, CO.
August 30-September 2, 2023: Biennial Meeting of the European Association for the History of Medicine and Health, Oslo, Norway.
November 11-14, 2023: Annual Meeting of the American College of Clinical Pharmacy, Dallas, TX.
December 3-7, 2023: Midyear Clinical Meeting of the American Society of Health-System Pharmacists, Anaheim, CA.
January 4-7, 2024: Annual Meeting of the American Historical Association, San Francisco, CA.
September 4-7, 2024: 46th International Congress for the History of Pharmacy, Belgrade Serbia.