Editor: John Parascandola, Elizabeth Kenney, eds.
Publisher: American Institute of the History of Pharmacy
Year Published: 1983
Price: $5.00 ($3.00 for members)
This publication is an offshoot of the work of the Survey of Sources on the History of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology. The Survey was established in 1975 and was administered by a Joint Committee sponsored by the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and the American Philosophical Society. Small grants from both organizations supported the first year of the project, but in June of 1976 the National Science Foundation and the National Endowment for the Humanities awarded the Survey a major three-year grant, thus enabling it to operate on a much more substantial scale. Additional financial support was provided by the Commonwealth Fund and Merck, Sharp and Dohme Research Laboratories. The principal task of the Survey was to gather information on published and unpublished sources in the history of biochemistry and molecular biology, which eventually resulted in the publication of Archival Sources for the History of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology: A Reference Guide and Report, edited by David Bearman and John T. Edsall Boston and Philadelphia: American Academy of Arts and Sciences and The American Philosophical Society, 1980). The reader is referred to this publication for further information about the Survey and its results.
It was recognized early in the work of the Survey that it was not possible to completely isolate biochemistry from related biomedical sciences such as physiology and pharmacology. If the lines between such sciences are somewhat fluid today, this was still more true in the period when these fields were first establishing themselves as independent disciplines. Hence the scope of the Survey naturally encompassed parts of other biomedical fields. The Joint Committee decided to utilize the funds provided by Merck, Sharp and Dohme Research Laboratories specifically for the purpose of surveying sources in the history of pharmacology. This task was assigned to Committee member John Parascandola, Professor of History of Pharmacy and History of Science at the University of Wisconsin-Madison, in collaboration with Elizabeth Keeney, a graduate student in the Department of the History of Science at Wisconsin. The funds provided by Merck to the American Academy of Arts and Sciences were awarded as a grant to the University of Wisconsin-Madison for this purpose.
As the work on the history of pharmacology progressed, it became obvious that enough material was being gathered to justify the publication of a separate monograph on “Sources in the History of American Pharmacology,” which would provide far more detail on this subject than the general report of the Survey could. In the meantime, Professor Parascandola was awarded a research grant from the National Library of Medicine (NIH Grant LM03300) for a study on “John Abel and the Development of American Pharmacology.” In the course of the research under this grant, additional sources on the history of American pharmacology were located and these have been incorporated into this publication.
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